19 (3)
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2019
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catalogue – 43669
ANTINOMIES
Foundation of journal. Issue topics About journal

Autors

Tarabanov, Nikolay

Candidate of Philosophy, Assistant Professor, National
Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia. E-mail: nikotar@mail.tsu.ru

Publications in yearbook
RATIONALITY IN SCIENCE AND RELIGION: INTERVAL-CONTINUAL APPROACH

The issue of hierarchical organization of cognitive practices – revealed by postmodernist critics – still influences on the interaction between science and religion. The formation of new (post-narrative) type of coexistence between discourses is important for the problem of correlation between scientific and religious ways of knowing the world. The problem can be considered through the analysis of historical interactions between science and religion in the light of the concept “rationality”. We investigate the question of possible definitions of rationality in different cognitive practices by the comparative and conceptual analysis of the Stepin’s conception of historical change of scientific types of rationality (classical, nonclassical, and post-nonclassical), as well as the ways of relation between science and religion in Haught’s (conflict, contrast, contact, collaboration) and Barbour’s (conflict, independence, harmony, dialogue, integration) conceptions. The “classical rationality”, in this analysis, is appeared to be as producing the conflict between science and religion, the “nonclassical rationality” – as founding their independence (contrast), and the “post-nonclassical rationality” – as enabling the active interaction between them in different ways (contact, collaboration, dialogue, integration). We explain the historical change of types (or ways) of relation between science and religion from the point of interval-continual approach, which combines the view on continual nature of truth with the idea of truth as revealing exclusively within a certain conceptual and theoretical interval. Thus, the dialectic of rational and non-rational is appeared to be as historical change of types of relation between science and religion. We conclude that the development of the dialectic goes from the hypostatization of epistemological dimension of rationality to the recognition of ontological dimension of rationality. That is why interval-continual approach can be used as еру theoretical basis for a description of possible ways of relationship between science and religion.

Keywords: faith, interval-continual approach, rationality, reason, religion, science, truth.

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Telenkov, Aleksey

Candidate of history, researcher, Perm Division, Institute of Philosophy and Law, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Perm.

 

E-mail: AVTelenkov@rambler.ru

 

 

 

Publications in yearbook
On Correlation between Ethnical Russians ("russkie") and Civil Russians ("rossiane"): History, Present Day and Perspectives

The author observes the problem and history of relationship between two nominations: “russkie” and “rossiane” and suggests some ways of solving the problem in contemporary situation.

Keywords: Russian people, Russian ethnicity, Russian citizens.

 

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Tlembaeva, Zhanna

PhD, Associate Professor, Deputy Director, Institute of
the Republic of Kazakhstan Legislation, The Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana.
E-mail: zhanna.ot@mail.ru.

Publications in yearbook
FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF PARLIAMENTARY CONTROL AND ISSUES OF IMPROVEMENT OF ITS LEGAL MECHANISMS IN KAZAKHSTAN

Abstract: The article observes questions of the organization of parliamentary oversight and improving the mechanism of parliamentary control in Kazakhstan. The features of the basic model of parliamentary control in the practice of state power of modern states are indicated. We analyze the constitutional procedures relating to the implementation of the control function of the Parliament. In the article, significant place is devoted to the analysis of control functions of the Parliament by the Government. The attention is payed to parliamentary investigation as the form of parliamentary oversight. Based on the study, the author concludes about the necessity of the development of legal provisions in the organization of parliamentary control, including parliamentary investigation. Keywords: Republic of Kazakhstan; parliament; government; parliamentary control, form of parliamentary control; inquiry; parliamentary hour; parliamentary inquiry.

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Tovbin, Kirill

Candidate of Philosophy, associate professor, Branch of the Russian New University in Gagarin, member of Russian Philosophical Society, member of Russian Political Science Association. Gagarin. E-mail: kimito@yandex.ru.

 

 

 

Publications in yearbook
Anti-modernism: Traditionalism, Fundamentalism and Conservatism

Abstract: the article discusses and compares main current trends of the resistance to Modernity. The article contains ontological consideration of the problem, which contemporary sociology of religion characterizes as post-secularization, or re-secularization. It is the process of external resuscitation of traditional spirituality and archaic religiosity. Present galvanization of religion and tradition has three formats: traditionalism, religious fundamentalism, and conservatism. Despite the morphological proximity, these spiritual movements differ substantially; they have different goals and different forms of consciousness and mentality of their adherents. Based on the methodology of the Traditionalist school, the author compares these movements in relation to the main link of the domain – Tradition (Full, or Sacred Tradition, which is called by traditionalists from the capital letter; it is distinguished from the popular cliché of tradition as existing civilizational inertia). The semiotic similarity of tra-ditionalism, fundamentalism, and conservatism in opposing secularism is revealed, as well as fundamental differences in the perception of the structure of traditional spirituality. The place of three trends in post-religion viewed as simulative postmodern spirituality is considered. Such mental phenomena as fanaticism and utopianism are mentioned in the article.
Keywords: tradition, Modernity, post-modernity, traditionalism, conservatism, fundamentalism, pseudo-traditionalism, secularization, Sacred, spirituality.

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Trakhtenberg, Anna

 Candidate of Political Science, Senior Researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg

E-mail: cskiit@yandex.ru

Publications in yearbook
E-GOVERNMENT AND E-SERVICES: OPERATIONALIZATION OF ADMINISTRATIVE IDEOLOGY AND СITIZENS’ TACTICS

Abstract: The article deals with the question of citizens’ adoption of electronic forms of interaction with the authorities. It is shown that the concept of “e-government” is generated by the New Public Management (state as corporation offering public goods). Due to operationalization, “e-government” is transformed into a set of “e-services” as specific species of public goods. E-services must displace traditional ones (logic of exclusion). The author using the thesis of the asymmetrical relationship between the authorities and citizens hypothesizes that citizens’ “tactics of the weak” (M. de Certeau) are based not on the exclusion but in the inclusion (“bricolage”) of e-services in the traditional arch of action, the core of which is an informal interaction with the authorities. The data of the sociological survey conducted in the Sverdlovsk region confirms this hypothesis. Most successful “bricolage” of traditional and e-services is typical for representatives of the urban “middle class”: young, educated, with prestigious employment. They are the main beneficiaries of the transition to “e-government”.

Keywords: e-government, technology adoption, operationalization, “tactics of the weak”, beneficiaries.

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E-GOVERNMENT AS IDEOLOGICAL CONCEPT: HOW DOES RUPTURE TALK FUNCTION

Abstract: The article analyzes the global concept of e-government. The conclusion is drawn that the concept is based on the “rupture talk”. The concept is characterized by the cyclical nature of evolution: the new versions are constantly appearing (the latest is the digital government). Each new variant takes into account the latest achievements of technological progress, however, the basic thesis about the rupture with the past state (i.e. the cardinal transformation of the classical “Weber” system of state administration) under the influence of information technologies, remains untouched. The concept functions as an “anti-politics machine”, transforming political and social problems related to the role of the state in the information society, to technical ones, and at the same time legitimizing the expansion of permissive powers of the authorities. Based on the analysis of “gray literature” and documents of the state strategic planning of the Russian Federation, it is shown how “rupture talk” remains stable due to constant rethinking, supplementing and supporting explanations.
Keywords: public administration; e-government; rupture talk; anti-politics machine.

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The Internet as the Sublime Object of Ideology in Anti-Capitalist Rhetoric

The author describes the evolution of the Internet analysis in modern critical theory. The utopian hope to make Internet the basis for the transition from “great society” to “great community” dissolves into the search of new methods for organizing “war of position” on Internet. The article describes how anti-capitalist critic sees Internet as transcendental object and revelation of “Electric Sublime”.

 

Keywords: the Internet, “Electric Sublime”, “Universal Machine”, instrumental logics, alternate sociality, alternate reality, the surmount of the body, speculative software.

 

 

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E-Government: Technocratic Utopia or Structure-in-Demand?

Empirical research conducted in the Ural Federal District in 2011 suggests that low trust in government in Russia serves simultaneously as inducement and barrier to adoption of e-government services, while high trust in government is rather a barrier. Highest e-government readiness has been demonstrated by citizens with average trust in government and satisfaction with off-line service quality. 
Keywords: e-government, e-readiness, technocratic utopia, technology acceptance model, trust in government.

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Information Revolution in Russia: Gender Differences in the Process of Social Shaping of IT in a Small Ural Town

The main directions of feminist sociology of techno-science are considered. Techno-feminism is chosen as methodological ground for the analysis of results of empirical research of IT adaptation in town Polevskoi of Sverdlovsk oblast'.

Keywords: techno-feminism, SCOT, domestication of technology, IT, mobile phones.

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E-government: is "Reinventing the Government" Possible?

The paper shows that e-government rhetoric constantly comes into conflict with the practice of e-government implementation. In rhetorical terms, e-government is seen as a tool for REGO designed to provide the transition from rigid hierarchical structures of traditional public administration to integrated “one-stop government”. Information technologies make possible for authorities to do more with less and ensure citizen empowerment. This approach combines normative theory of democracy with technocratic utopia. But the real process of e-government implementation regularly runs into organizational resistance, and it is accompanied by numerous failures of costly projects. Conservative officials who do not want to work as expected are usually blamed for these failures. However, from the neo-institutionalist point of view, the failures are the result of public administration desire to confirm its legitimacy, at the same time ignoring the effectiveness of the proposed measures. It seems that new technologies implementation is a ritual that allows showing the administration modernity and social responsibility. It means that e- government may cause some incremental changes that could potentially generate cumulative effect. 

Keywords: e-government, new public management theory, neo-institutionalism, institutional isomorphism, institutional myth.

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"Things which have been inaccessible earlier": Computers and the Internet in the everyday reality

The author analyzes how Internet and computer users include these new technologies into social context and ideological constructions which are used for this purpose. She shows the cultural difference in understanding of computer-mediated communication and social consequences of information revolution depending on users’ skills and demographical status. The article is based on the results of focus-group series, which took place in Ekaterinburg.

Keywords: elite discourse, common sense constructions, mass culture, information poverty, information richness

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Tumanova, Anastasiya

Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor of the
Department of Theory and History of Law, National Research University Higher School
of Economics (Moscow), Moscow. E-mail: anastasiya13@mail.ru

Publications in yearbook
GOVERNMENT BUREAUCRACY IN LATE IMPERIAL RUSSIA AND ITS APPROACHES TO IMPLEMENTATION OF CIVIL LIBERTIES

Abstract: The authors explore legal consciousness of Russian higher bureaucracy during the First Russian revolution expressed in its views on the problem of advancing political and legal system. They examine the role bureaucracy played in the course of defining the content of civil liberties and, more broadly, in the political development of the Russian Empire towards democratization. The authors analyze the impact of bureaucracy on the process of decision-making and policymaking. Bureaucracy is treated as the architect of the political and legal modernization of the Russian Empire as the country of “delayed modernization” at the beginning of the last century. The article demonstrates that policy of exercising individual rights and freedoms gave rise to confrontation between conservative officials who were skeptical toward the possibility of implementing civil liberties in the time of revolution and weakening of monarchical power, and reform-minded bureaucrats who were ready to create foundations for the «renewed order». Growing in conditions of deep political and legal reforms in the last decade of the Russian monarchy, the conflict between bureaucratic elites made impact over the policy of granting freedoms, turning it into the result of fragile compromise among the highest power hierarchy. In search for modernization of institutions, laws
and procedures, the enlightened bureaucrats defended the projects of reforms, according to which a person was given the opportunity to exercise his/her rights and to obtain certain guarantees for their implementation from the state, as well as the protection by the judicial system. Traditionalist views of conservative officials limited the content of reforms and adapted them to the conditions of the existing legal order. The reforms aimed at the implementation of civil liberties became the result of the views and influences of both progressive and traditionalist-minded bureaucrats.
Keywords: bureaucracy; individual rights and freedoms; constitutional reform; beginning of XX century; Russian Empire.

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