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Until 01.01.2019 - Scientific Yearbook of the Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 2686-7206 (Print)

ISSN 2686-925X (Оnlinе)


Ilchenko Mikhail

Institute of Philosophy and Law, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Ekaterinburg, E-mail: msilchenko@mail.ru


Publications in yearbook
Globalization from within: Saskia Sassen's Urban Research

The article analyzes the influence of Saskia Sassen’s urban research on the globalization studies. The author argues that the major advantage of the global city concept can be seen in the methodological shift towards the analysis of global tendencies through the lens of urban practices. Sassen considers globalization as a complicated process, which leads to the restructuring of the global political geography. On the one hand, such a view allows to define the global city as a key site of this geography; on the other hand, it transforms the global city into unique research site for examination of the global trends. The global appears to be placed in the local forms, which constitute a sort of globalization “microenvironment”. In this regard, today’s major cities can be considered not just as a place where global process occur, but also as a place where they are “produced”.


Keywords: urban studies, global city, globalization processes, localities, “microenvironment” of globalization.


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Instituonalism and the Problem of the Subject: the Analysis of Federal Relations

The article considers the perspectives of institutional approach toward changes of political system in order to overcome methodological shortage of subjectivistic models. The analysis of the development of federal relations demonstrates that stable interaction between political actors is a functional feature of federalism and key factor of federal system transformation.

Keywords: institutionalism, rational choice theory, elitist approach, federalism, federative practices.


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Illarionov Grigoriy

Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia, E-mail: bromov1917@yandex.ru

Publications in yearbook
Memory Wars and the Problem of Socio-Epistemological Relativism
The relevance of research on memory wars is indirectly reaffirmed by a growing number of scientific works on this phenomenon, while the direct proof of its significance is the fact that nowadays memory wars are evolving in a radically different context compared to those taken place in the past. Today they occur against the background of socio-epistemological relativism and post-truth and therefore acquire new qualities requiring theoretical understanding. The aim of this article is to analyze the transformations of conflictogenic public discourse in relation to the social past under the influence of socio-epistemological relativism. As this research encompasses both the interconnection between the social past and the social present and the sphere of social epistemology, the methods chosen are, on the one hand, more or less theoretically neutral phenomenological method, and, on the other hand, structural and conceptual analysis – the latter two being appropriate for the study of epistemological concepts. Based on the results obtained, the authors come to the following conclusions. Memory wars, understood from the constructivist standpoint (especially within the framework of socio-epistemological relativism), do not have any necessary connection with the historical process. They are linked only associatively. Such wars exist in the scope of an epistemologically abnormal discourse: it lacks the institute of expertise and its narratives are self-referential. Memory wars are based on the opposition between information and noninformation. Any opponent’s narrative is tagged as noninformation, it is going not to be refuted, but just not to be considered. Hence, the aim of memory wars is not to justify the truth of the narrative but to monopolize the role of the narrator. Modern memory wars differ from similar wars of past eras in that they do not create integral narratives, but remain fluid and inconsistent, because finality and consistency are not their aims: they perceive memory of the past as purely instrumental for accomplishing practical goals of today.
Keywords: memory war, post-truth, historical narrative, abnormal discourse, constructivism, socio-epistemological relativism
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Ilyinykh Alexey

Chelyabinsk Branch of Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Chelyabinsk, Russia, E-mail: iav@chel.ranepa.ru

Publications in yearbook


Abstract: The article is devoted to the legal analysis of changes in the territorial basis of local self-government in Russia connected with the establishment of a new municipality type – the intracity area. The article presents the characteristic features of the establishment and individual elements of this type of municipal unit. In the article, special attention is devoted to the experience of the implementation of new types of municipal units in Chelyabinsk where the process of implementation of this project hasn't stopped at a stage of legal regulation and has reached its «logical» end in formation of independent municipalities, unlike the other two cities (Samara and Makhachkala), where the opportunity of its formation was fixed on the legislative level. The article encompasses the issue of the necessity and reasonability of the implementation of new type of territorial unit through a prism of purposes declared by initiators and associated with overcoming distance between city municipal authorities and general population, which has a negative impact on people's livelihood. The article considers special aspects of intracity areas formation in detail, and draws attention to the existing gaps in the legislation regulating this procedure, in particular – the account of public opinion over such transformations; the number of deputies; terms of work of the previously formed local self-governing authorities, and the lack of transitional period. As a result of the legal analysis, existing problems are identified: the ones associated with abandoning from the direct election of the formation of local self-government authorities of the city district and intracity areas; the delimitation of authority and property between city district and constituting intracity areas; the low level of budgetary provision of intracity areas; the status problems of bodies of the territorial public self-management, and order of recall of elected officials. The article formulates proposals to improve legislation concerning the strengthening of the status of intracity areas, and the resolving its problems in cooperation with the city district, in which they are included. In addition, potential legal problems requiring further solution are defined.
Keywords: territorial basis of local self-government; intracity area; city district with intracity areas; local government; issues of local value.

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Ishchenko Natalia

Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Faculty of Humanities, School of Philosophy, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Е-mail: natalie.ishchenko@gmail.com

Publications in yearbook

Abstract: The research deals with transformation of the subject matter of Husserl's phenomenology in Martin Heidegger's philosophy. The research explores why even with remarkably similar philosophic opinions shared by Husserl and Heidegger the latter had to give up his position of a teacher and to express differently the subject matter of the phenomenology. While answering this question, two approaches are undertaken. The first one deals with the phenomenology as transcendent philosophy: the research underlines that transcendental ego is a complicated matter, which eventually revealed itself as ultimate. The second approach calls for an entire change of the phenomenology. This approach embodies the fact that a taking-out-of-the-context method cannot be applicable for all areas of reality. Thus, the dimensions of reality that practical aspects deal with, including taking out of the context, are basically inaccessible for being taken out of the context. This is why the demand for Being comes to be essential. As a result of this demand, Husserl's phenomenology loses its position for, from now on, first, Being itself takes the place of transcendental I; second, intentionality appears to be an existential attitude; third, phenomenology as well as the truth gets a new meaning; forth, a concept of transcendental philosophy modifies substantially. Thus, the research explains the point that in passing over the basic settings of Husserl's philosophy it was crucial that Heidegger realized a priority role Being itself plays as regards to any means of Being, including pure consciousness.

Keywords: phenomenology, ontology, hermeneutics, Husserl, Heidegger, being, consciousness, transcendentalism.

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Abstract. The subject of this article is Heidegger's existentially-ontological consideration of human being (Dasein) as the transcending structure. This article proves the conclusion that the interpretation of Heidegger's intentional consciousness as transcendence”means going beyond Husserl's phenomenology. Consequently, raising an issue of intentionality as a specific kind of Being (rather than cognition) Heidegger in contrast with Husserl considers the latter not as the consciousness immanent act, but as the act of transcending, or ecstasis, which being “isomorphic to Husserl's structure of intention” is regarded as ontological (rather than epistemological or academic) phenomenon. Specifically, Heidegger regards the act of transcending as the ecstatic temporality, and, therefore, as the fundamental aprioristic structure of the human Being. Significantly, this ecstatic temporality corresponds to “«the horizon of understanding, which ontologically belongs to Dasein”. Furthermore, Heidegger characterizes the above-described structure as the “openness” (openness of things existent to Dasein and vice versa) and interprets it as the basic phenomenon, and as the initial research subject in his phenomenological ontology. Moreover, this structure of the human being has a twofold interpretation: as the Being of things existent (Dasein), or as the aprioristic condition of this Being, hence it “internally” grounds “the possibility of ontology” in principle.
Keywords: transcending, intentionality, phenomenology, ontology, hermeneutics, being, Dasein, existence, understanding, temporality, ecstasy, Husserl, Heidegger.

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Ivanova Evgeniya

Institute of Philosophy and Law, Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, E-mail: hljomalind@rambler.ru

Publications in yearbook
Modernity as a Political Problem: Beyond the Modernization Paradigm

The article explores the prospects of expanding the methodological scope of the theory of Modernity. The author analyses the intrinsic features of the modernization paradigm and argues that its analytical potential is wearied out to considerable degree. Therefore, the radical revision of its basic principles and categories, primarily, of the core category of Modernity, is the pivotal issue.

Keywords: modernity, modernization paradigm, modern institutions, situational approach to the problem of Modernity, universality and multiplicity of Modernity, global and local dimensions of Modernity, globalization.

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Political Modernization in the Arab East: between the State and Conservative Revolution

The article explores the peculiarities of the process of political modernization in the Arab East. The author highlights the key problematic features of the specific situa- tion of modernity faced by contemporary Arab societies. She argues that in the condi- tions of the dominance of anti-modernist ideologies and ongoing formation of nations it is the state that plays the role of main institution that encourage modernization in the Arab East.

Keywords: political modernization, Arab countries, modernity, modern institutions, globalization, state, plural society, asabiyyat, pan-Arabism, anti-modernism, conservative revolution.

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Ivanova Mariya

Perm Branch of State University – Higher School of Economics, Perm Krai, E-mail: mariaivanova2008@gmail.com

Publications in yearbook
Party Nomenclature in Russia: Is the Revival Possible?

The article is devoted to the problem of party nomenclature inside contemporary Russian political system. The article attempts to answer the question what the party nomenclature in the contemporary Russian party system looks like. Party nomenclature is defined as a ruling group that can fight for power and define the development of political parties. Based on the analysis of party-list parties in the elections to the State Duma in 2003 and 2007 years, the investigation demonstrated that party nomenclature didn’t exist. As a result, the author concludes that the lists of all political parties do not contain united group of party bureaucrats who are capable of autonomous actions in relation to the other elite groups.

Keywords: party nomenclature, political parties, regional elites, federal elite, State Duma, regional representation, party bureaucracy.

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