19 (2)
Issue
2019
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catalogue – 43669
ANTINOMIES
Foundation of journal. Issue topics About journal

Autors

Zagrebin, Alexey

Doctor of History, Director of Udmurt Ural branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Izhevsk. 

E-mail:  adm@ni.udm.ru 

Publications in yearbook
Humanitarian Institute in National Region: between Ethnos and Krathos

The article is devoted to the history of relationship between the community of humanitarians and regional authorities on the example of Udmurt Institute of History, Language and Literature. Since 1920s, the process of national-state construction among Finno-Ugric peoples of Russia was in need of scientific foundation of the legislation and administrative decisions. Questions related to management, determination of boundaries of the autonomies, language policy and relationships between various groups of population became the sphere of activities of historians, ethnographers, folklorists and linguists. In many autonomic republics scientific-research institutes were founded, which were called to facilitate the construction of «socialist culture». Due to cooperation of science and policy, the researchers were supposed to search for a delicate balance between practices that reflect mosaic picture of native life, and biased texts of official reports. The inclusion of the Institute into academic infrastructure liberated scientists from many bureaucratic conventions, at the same time preserving  a number of rituals and directions of activity, which link the Institute with local authorities.

Keywords: humanitarian research, Udmurtia, authority, Academy of Sciences

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ZENKINA, ALEXANDRA

Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Department of
Constitutional, Administrative, and Municipal Law, Law Institute,
Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk, Russia.
E-mail: sashalitv@yandex.ru

Publications in yearbook
LEGAL REGIME OF ARCTIC TERRITORIES OF RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND GRANTING SPECIAL RIGHTS TO INDIGENOUS (ABORIGINAL) PEOPLES

For many years, both in the USSR and in the Russian Federation there was no understanding of the need to develop an integrated legal framework for regulating legal regime of Arctic territories. The article deals with the main regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation regulating legal status of Arctic zone of the Russian Federation, as well as with theoretical approaches to the formation of an appropriate regulatory and legal framework. The authors analyze the main problems of the development of Arctic territories in two aspects: state (municipal) governance in Russian Artic, and the peculiarities of the status of indigenous small peoples living in Arctic territories. The authors conclude that it is necessary to update and seriously modernize legal regulation in this sphere of public relations. Based on the identified problems and shortcomings of legal regulation, the authors propose solutions addressed to the legislator in order to eliminate gaps in Russian “Arctic” legislation: transmission of powers over Arctic territories to the Ministry of Economic Development; registration of specific powers of the municipal bodies located in Arctic territories; providing legal conventions, which fix specific rights of the indigenous smallnumbered peoples of Russia; development of legislation on indigenous peoples in order to provide their specific rights toward co-management of the territories of their traditional location; creation of specialized state agency responsible for affairs of indigenous peoples; mechanism of state and companies’ compensation of indigenous communities for the use of natural resources.
Keywords: legal status of Arctic; Arctic zone of Russia; indigenous small people; state territory; legal regime of territory.

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Zerkal', Daria

Post-graduate Student, Ural Federal University, Еkaterinburg.

Email: Dasha--Zerkal@yandex.ru

Publications in yearbook
MASS MEDIA AS A TOOL OF STATE INFORMATION POLICY: MODELS OF AUTHORITY AND MEDIA INTERACTION

Abstract: State information policy is an important aspect of governance in the information society. Measures of the state information policy are implemented through various institutions such as public relations, analytical centers, the institutes of culture. However, media is the main mechanism of the implementation of the state information policy. Media are capable of creating an information agenda, which plays critical role in shaping public opinion. Therefore, control of mass media and the content of messages transmitted through them is one of the main tasks of the state information policy. Media of different levels forms media system, which requires different management approaches. The article describes basic mechanisms of media management in the implementation of the state information policy. The author describes various levels of media systems and analyzes characteristics of media on each of these levels. The article provides classification and description of the basic mechanisms of media management in the implementation of the state information policy.

Keywords: state information policy, mass media, information agenda, media system.

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Zheleznov Andrey S.

Candidate of Philosophy, Assistant Professor, Chair of

 

 

Social Philosophy, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia

 

B.N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg. E-mail: andrey.zheleznov@live.ru

 

 

Publications in yearbook
MORAL JUSTIFICATION OF PROPERTY: FROM CAPTURE TO CHANGE

Abstract: The article is dedicated to the rethinking of the moral justification of property. Moral justification of property is the subject of European philosophy, which now receives additional relevance in connection with the new forms of post-industrial economy. The article proposes the analysis of the classical approach to the question of the moral justification of property, and provides an alternative solution. Classical approach is based on two assumptions: firstly, it is a presumption of nobody's world, which allows discussion about the moment of dividing common world into separate parts. Secondly, it is consideration of the property or ownership as something given for granted, which does not require analysis. The author proposes an alternative interpretation of property as the individual's ability to change the world. Thus, the concept of property obtains the ontological substantiation and does not require additional moral reasoning or justification.
Keywords: property, moral, capture, change, ownership, public good.

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Zheleznov, Andrey

Candidate of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Department
of Social Philosophy, Ural Federal University, Yekaterinburg, Russia. E-mail:
itsnomoredancing@gmail.com

Publications in yearbook
FAITH AS PRACTICAL ATTITUDE TOWARD CONTINGENT BEING

Abstract. The main idea of the article is to show how the concept of faith could resolve problem, which is created in modern ontologies. Under the term «modern ontologies» we understand concepts of Latour (ANT), Harman and Meillassoux (speculative realism), Kerimov and Krasavin (heterology). Within the framework of these ontologies, the world is described as a field of unexpected connections between equivalent entities. New participants and relationships are produced and changed by the process of that interaction. The world and its laws are contingent, they can change, and change at any time. Modern ontologies put us in front of an absolutely unknown future and deny certainty in predictions or calculations. Science is no longer able to predict the changes taking place in the world, society, and our identities due to the process of the world's permanent creation from the connections between a multitude of equal participants. As a result, we have a practical problem: it is not clear how to act reasonably in the world, which constantly gets out of control. Therefore, it is necessary to find ways of correlating our actions or our way of living with being given as «any being». The concept of faith brings us closer to the solution of this problem. Based on model of faith of Kierkegaard, James, Derrida, and Bishop, we can treat faith as practical attitude to any future. Faith is an act or activity, which correlate with the object of faith. Faith has a practical nature. And in the same time, faith implies acceptance of any future as a value and a blessing.
Keywords: ontology; difference; contingency; ANT; object-oriented ontology; being; future; faith.

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Zlokazov, Kirill

Candidate of Psychology, assistant professor, Head of the Department of Education and Psychology, Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ekaterinburg.

E-mail: zkirvit@yandex.ru

 

Publications in yearbook
Destructiveness and Identity of a Personality

The article describes the phenomenon of destructive personality as a way of identity formation, implemented by destroying of social structures, which are relevant to the subject. Destructiveness is seen as a form of subject's activity aimed at the destruction of external structures and building of his (her) own structure different from other structural images (identity). Activity in this sense does not exist outside the society. Such activity is recorded in the motivational and regulatory areas and in the self-consciousness in relation to the functions (roles, rituals, and institutions), objects (body, objects, and designs) of the social space. Its asocial character is seen as the exclusion of the subject from the social context, or as the destruction of the society’s structures. Destructive activity leads to antisocial and pro-social effects affecting social functioning entity where a-sociality is a break of the functioning of social structures and institutions through their destruction and alienation of the subject. Destruction is a way of avoiding conflicts, including those associated with excessive appreciation of actualized needs. Pro-social effect leads to the formation of the identity of the subject in accordance with the requirements of interacting social structures and modifying synchronization of identity with the current social experience.

Keywords: destructiveness of personality,  identity, pro-social and antisocial destruction of identity, culture and temporary effect of destructive personality.

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