19 (2)
Issue
2019
Subscription
Free subscription at
the electronic version of journal
Subscription index
in the Russian Post
catalogue – 43669
ANTINOMIES
Foundation of journal. Issue topics About journal

Autors

Bakeeva Elena

Doctor of Philosophy, Associate Professor, Ural Federal University

named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg. E-mail: elenabk2008@yandex.ru

 

 

Publications in yearbook
MODERN SCIENCE: REFLEXIVITY AND «LOCALIZATION»

Abstract: The article discusses the possibility of recreating the integrity of the meaning of the scientist's activity in the conditions of theoretical, methodological and value uncertainty. Successive
self-reflection is asserted as the main method of reinstatement of the notional integrity, which is carried out by the researcher individually. This process is characterized by paradoxical
regularity: the obtaining of the fullness of the meaning by the subject of the science is accompanied by limiting conditions of the applicability of scientific knowledge, or its «localization». The
revealing of the context of knowledge of some kind may have different «degree of reflexivity»: from clarification of inside scientific theoretical and methodological basis to pointing out the
fundamental existential problems, which are associated with the various phenomena of science. In the conditions of theoretical and ideological pluralism, this «degree of reflexivity» is not assigned for the researcher from outside, but is defined by himself (herself). In this context, the traditional picture of science as a tool of the expansion of human possibilities gets new interpretation. Thus, science is conceptualized not as a mean of mastering the outside (in rem) reality but as a factor, which contributes to the growth of internal (spiritual) human possibilities that are directly related to the ability of self-restraint.
Keywords: science, scientific rationality, essence, self-reflection, «localization».

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF

Batanov, Alexander

Batanov, Alexander

Doctor of Law, Full Professor, Senior Researcher,

 

Volodymyr Koretskyi Institute of State and Law, National Academy of Sciences of

 

Ukraine, Kiev. E-mail: batanov-idpu@rambler.ru

 

Publications in yearbook
FOUNDATIONS OF THEORY OF MUNICIPAL LAW FUNCTIONS

Abstract: The article considers problems of the theory of modern municipal law functions. The basic essential and meaningful, objective and subjective, internal and external aspects of modern municipal law are analysed. It is noted that among the basic tasks currently faces domestic science of the municipal law is the formation of coherent and comprehensive knowledge of the system of municipal law in Ukraine, its legal aspects and patterns of development and operation of its norms and institutions. Holistic conception of the municipal law of Ukraine in the unity of its static and functional, material and procedural elements is the important theoretical and methodological basis for the development and improvement of the system of national municipalism, current municipal legislation and municipal law making and law enforcement activities. However, if the theory of problematic issues of municipal law, as well as its genesis, sources, norms and institutions are reflected in the works of Ukrainian researchers, the problem of functions of this area of law remains almost unexplored. Understanding the nature and content of the functions of municipal law makes possible understanding the importance of this area of law in regulating social relations, as well as answering questions about the role of municipal law in society and the state. Characteristic signs of functions of municipal law are analysed. Definition of the concept of modern municipal law functions as main directions and types of the influence of municipal law over social relations that arise in the process of recognition, formation, organization and implementation of municipal authorities, as well as the realization and protection of rights of the individual municipalities, is given.
Keywords: municipal law; functions of municipal law; sources of municipal law; system of municipal law; institutes of municipal law; norms of municipal law.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF

Bederson, Vsevolod

Postgraduate student, Institute of Philosophy and Law, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, assistant professor of Department of Political Science, Perm State University. Perm.  

E-mail: vsbederson@gmail.com

 

 

Publications in yearbook
"Heroic Pantheon" and Contradictions of Regional Identity in Bashkortostan

Bashkortostan is a very complicated case of the development of regional community on the post-imperial stage in contemporary Russia. Confrontation within Bashkortostan regional community takes place not only on the level of particular political and economic, political and human, etc., decisions, but also in the «margins» of struggle for specific version of regional identity. The article analyzes the structure of «heroic Pantheon» as the product of straightforward identity policy of Bashkortostan regional elite. Controversies of symbolic, ethnical and political features of regional identity are viewed through the analysis of the place and significance of Bashkir «cultural heroes» and their semantic and functional layers (C. Yulayev, K. Arslanov, H. Validi). In addition, the author considers political and ethnic conflicts aroused around the «Pantheon» and associated with heterogeneity of the ethnical composition of population of the Republic. The article offers recommendations concerning relaxing political and symbolic contradictions in the regional community, and observed the instrumental usage of «cultural hero» as identifier of symbolic space and identity in other Russian regions.

Keywords: Regional identity, cultural hero, «heroic Pantheon», identity policy. 

 

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
IDENTITY POLICY OF REGIONS IN CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA: COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF PERSONALISTIC IDENTIFIERS

https://doi.org/10.17506/ryipl.2016.1.3391

Abstract: This article is a summary of the results of research of personalized images (images of historical personalities), which are in use by the regional political elites for the purposes of identity policy. Such images are understood as personalistic identifiers, i.e. identities policy’s elements, on the one hand, and region identification matrix elements, on the other hand. The study is based on discourse-analysis of materials from 83 regions of the Russian Federation, which allows formulating the key comparative characteristics of personalistic identifiers: the degree (“low”, “medium”, “high”), and nature (institutional and sub-institutional) of discursive stability’s personalistic identifier. Classification is based on the type of personalistic identifier’s ties with the region’s identifier (“a great son”; “pioneer”; “the governor-nostalgia”; “educator”; “personalities embodying the reflection about any traumatic period for the region [regional community]”; “Hero” of Golden Age”). The dominant discourse produced by regional elites through personalist identifier (unification discourse, particularization, uniqueness) is studied; the strategy of the regional political elites in relation to specific identifiers (legitimation strategy and strategy of forced identification) is observed; the tool, which updates personalistic identifiers of regional elites (nominations, monumentalization and ritualization) is identified.
Keywords: identity policy, regional identity, personalistic identifier.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF

Belousov, Alexander

Candidate of Political Science, researcher, Institute of Philosophy and Law, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Ekaterinburg. 

E-mail: depolit@yandex.ru

 

Publications in yearbook
Contemporary Practice of Lobbying in USA

The article observes lobbying practices in the USA and presentsthe analysis of official data of the financing of lobbying: the amount of lobbying spending, the amount of the largest lobbying clients spending, and the incomes of the highly paid lobbyists. Brief history of lobbying is presented. Itshows that the bribing of  lawmakers was a common practice before regulation of lobbying was introduced, and describes the tendency of complicating of lobbying practices in the second half of the 20th century. The article pays particular attention to the corporate lobbying. Quantitative analysis of the data proves the rise of corporate lobbying in the United States in last 30 years. Another observed trend is the link between the rise of parliamentary hearings and the growth of representation campaigns in particular sectors of US economy. The basic strategy of corporate lobbying is so-called member-to-member lobbying. The article considers the phenomenon of revolving door’(when former congressional representatives and bureaucrats are hired by lobbyist firms) as part of corporate lobbying. The methods of grassroots lobbying and astroturf are also regarded. The article contains comparative analysis of lobbying in the US and EU.

Keywords: lobbying, USA, member-to-member lobbying, grassroots lobbying, astroturf, revolving door.

 

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
HISTORY OF MISADVANTAGES OF EUGENE DEBS OR HOW USA GOVERNMENT FOUGHT AGAINST “FIFTH COLUMN” DURING THE WORLD WAR I

Abstract: The article deals with events that took place in the United States after its entry into World War I, and, first of all, with the resistance of the society against the state's participation in the war. It focuses on the American socialists and their leader – Eugene Debs, who was arrested in 1918 and convicted in 1919 on charge of violating “The Espionage Act”. The article describes the process of discussing and passaging of “The spionage Act” a few months after the US entry into the war, as well as the subsequent additions known as “The Sedition Act of 1918”. These laws imposed some restrictions on freedom of speech, and were criticized many times afterwards. In addition, the article contains detailed analysis of the mostly well-known Supreme Court of the United States’ cases related to the violation of these laws – “Debs vs. United States”, “Schenk vs. United States”, “Baltzer vs. United States”, and “Abrams vs. United States”. The article pays attention to the impact on the domestic situation of American Protective League, which consisted of two hundred and fifty thousand patriotic volunteer members who were engaged in informant activities, as well as to psychological and physical pressure over those American citizens who opposed US participation in the First World War.

Keywords: USA; “fifth column”; World War I; socialists; Espionage Act; freedom of speech; propaganda; public opinion; Supreme Court of the United States.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
LOBBYING IN THE EU: CORPORATIONS VS NGOS

Abstract: The article examines corporations and non-governmental organizations’ lobbying for public and private interests in the European Union. NGOs often lobby for public interests – consumer interests, environmental protection sphere interests, community interests (e.g. women's interests). Corporations prefer to lobby for private interests – industry interests, professional interests, private company interests. It often happens that they compete in lobbying for their interests, which leads to lobbying battles such as confrontation over reform of chemical industry (REACH reform). The European Union funds NGOs, and it helps them to be independent. As a part of ‘checks and balances’ system in the European decision-making process, it creates a competitive environment for lobbying. As a result, deputies of the European Parliament and representatives of the European Commission prefer to deal with NGOs; on the other hand, members of the Council of the European Union prefer to deal with corporations. In 2005, lobbying effectiveness of NGOs and corporations was assessed as equivalent. By 2009, the situation has changed: corporations raised the effectiveness of lobbying, and now they are ahead of NGOs in many areas, with the exclusion of consumer products, food and beverages. Thus, NGOs are no longer able to compete with corporations in several industries such as energy, medicine and pharmaceutical industry.

Keywords: lobbying, European Union, European Commission, European Parliament, NGO, corporation, public interest, private interest.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF

Berezin, Sergey

Leading Specialist, Office of Information and Analytical support of the Head of Ekaterinburg, The City Administration of Ekaterinburg, Ekaterinburg.

E-mail: berezinsn@yandex.ru

Publications in yearbook
Phenomenology as Grammatology

The article deals with the criticism of phenomenology from the perspective of grammatology. The author underlines that Derrida rejects the Husserl's difference of grammatology. The article shows that differences in the phenomenology was replaced several times. The latter becomes a history of phenomenology. As a result, the phenomenology was transformed into post-phenomenology. As a result, the phenomenology was transformed into post-phenomenology, which may be considered as grammatology.

Keywords: grammatology, phenomelogy, neo-phenomenology, post-phenomenology, post-fundamentalism, deconstruction, decentering, writing, difference, post-phenomenon, intentionality.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF

Bezrukov, Andrey

 Candidate of Law, Senior Lecturer, the Head of the Department of the Constitutional Law, Urals Law Institute, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russian Federation, Ekaterinburg

E-mail: abezrukov@bk.ru

Publications in yearbook
Current Status of Higher Juridicl Education and its Provision with Practical Component in Modern Russia

The article analyses the mechanism of higher juridical education. The necessity of forming the educational policy, which takes into consideration the social-legal interests of Russian society, is underlined. The necessity to have practical component in such education and the reasons for that are observed in details, all possible recommendations are given.

Keywords: Russian student, Russian education, higher juridical education, scientific community, practical component of education, constitutional law.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
Modern Constitutional Reforms of Russian Federalism: Search for Optimal Structures and Prospects

Abstract: The article examines the main trends in the modern federal reforms. The author analyzes the methods of formation of Chambers of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, the procedure of filling the position of the Head of subject of the Russian Federation, and the procedure of changing the subject composition of the Russian Federation. The way of optimization of the formation of Federal and regional powers is proposed, namely, gradual transition to the election of members of Federal Assembly. The author positively estimates the return to elections of deputies of the State Duma according to the mixed majoritarian-proportional system. Based on the analysis of current legislation and legal positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the author proposes adjustments of the existing order of replacement of the position of the Head of the RF subjects directed toward democratization and facilitation. The author develops directions of perfection of the Federal transformations, namely, the improvement and legislative adjustments of the procedure of changing the subject composition of the Russian Federation, which excludes the combination of acceptance and formation of new subject of the Russian Federation. The practice of adoption of new subjects of the Russian Federation and directions of its optimization is studied.

 

Keywords: Constitution of the Russian federation; federal system; federal transformation; justice; Parliament; Federal Assembly; State Duma; Head of RF subject; change of subject composition of Russia; adoption of new subject of the Russian Federation.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
Constitutional Changes of Federal Relations and Electoral Legislation in Present-Day Russia

The article considers the policy of constitutional transformation of federal relations and of modernization of electoral legislation. The author defends the necessity of the constitutional stability.

Keywords: constitutional transformation (reorganization), constitutional stability, federal reform, modernization of electoral legislation.

 

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
Optimization of Organization-legal Foundations of Opposition to Corruption in Russia

The article analyzes organizational-legal foundations  and anti-corruption measures in modern Russia as well as the anti-corruption legislation under formation. The suggestions for the improvement of anti-corruption normative basis are developed. 

Keywords: corruption, opposition to corruption, anti-corruption measures, anti-corruption legislation.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
Strengthening of Unity of State Power by President of Russia in Process of Reforming Federal System

The author examines main stages of strengthening of the unity of state power, which is characterized by the key role of the President of Russia in its implementation. The author compares principles of federalism, unity of state power system, and separation of powers. The conclusion is made that principle of unity of state power and principle of separation of powers does not contradict each other. The article observes main areas of implementation of presidential powers, and describes his role in strengthening the unity of state power in process of reforming federal system. Based on the analysis of legislation and legal positions of Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, the author demonstrates the scope of competencies of the head of the state. The author concludes that concentration of authority and expansion of presidential powers does not always meet constitutional principles of federalism and separation of powers. As a result, it does not allow to achieve appropriate balance between legislative, executive and judicial powers, on one side, and federal and regional authorities, on the other. The suggestion is made to enshrine the comprehensive list of presidential powers in legislation, and at the same time, to conduct federal reforms in strict accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and with the goal of building democratic federal state governed by the rule of law.  

Keywords: President of the Russian Federation, division of powers, unity of state power, federal transformation, legal positions of Constitutional Court of Russia.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF

Bezus, Elena

Post-graduate student, Institute of Philosophy and Law, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg. 

E-mail: bezus-elena@yandex.ru 

Publications in yearbook
Phenomenology of Religious Life in Early Works of M. Heidegger

The article contains the analysis of the “life world” of early Christians in works of M. Heidegger. Religious experience is described as the basis for the investigation of factual life. In order to expose the essence of factual life, the interconnection of the notions “Life” and “World” is analyzed, with the accent on the problem of “Private world”. The article presents hermeneutical reading of Pauline letters, the phenomenological description of his life “situation”, his attitude to the experience of conversion into Christianity, and to the early Christian’s community, to which he proclaims. The article describes the notion of Parousia; the temporal aspects of early Christian’s life experience are exposed in the eschatological perspective of Pauline’s letters. The difference between chronological (objective) and kairological (individual) comprehension of time is shown.  The time of early Christians is understood kairologically, namely, in its connection to substantial fulfillment. The author argues that factual life could only be defined by the manner of time experience; and that “individual” time is the basis for objective time. The conclusion is made that the understanding of specifics of Christian way of life clarifies the essence of factual life itself, which in turn could become the genuine basis for phenomenology.   

Keywords: phenomenology, factual life, world, early Christianity, the Second Coming, religiosity, historicity, temporality, time.

Download article Word

Blyakher, Leonid

Doctor of Philosophy, professor, Head of the Department of Philosophy, Pacific State University, Khabarovsk

E-mail: leonid743342@mail.ru

 

Publications in yearbook
Regional Elites, Power and Administrative Business Market

The paper analyzes the functioning of the administrative market and its effect on the distribution of power in the political sphere. The process of the emergence and development of the administrative market in the 80s – 90s of XX century and its destruction in the XXI century is examined.

Keywords: violent entrepreneurship, region, regional elites, the political class, administrative market.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF

Bo, Rothstein

Professor of Government and Public Policy, Blavatnik School of
Government, Professorial Fellow – Nuffield College, University of Oxford, UK. E-mail:
Bo.Rothstein@bsg.ox.ac.uk

Publications in yearbook
CORRUPTION AND SOCIAL TRUST: WHY FISH ROTS FROM HEAD DOWN

http://doi.org/10.17506/ryipl.2016.17.1.3760

Abstract: In the article, the theory of correlation between corruption and trust is substantiated. On a broad empirical basis, it is shown that the behavior of people in society, their ability to trust other people, and to observe the general rules of the game primarily depends on their beliefs about whether they can trust public institutions of the state. The author argues that the lack of trust in state institutions and public officials because of their corruptness and  dishonesty – irrespective of whether it is true or not – inevitably generates distrust at the interpersonal level. Consistently proving this thesis, the author distinguishes and describes three interrelated causal mechanisms that determine correlation between corruption and social trust: 1) the inference from public officials; 2) the inference from people in general, and 3) the inference from oneself. At the same time, the author’s theory ends up in the idea of human nature, the essence of which he sees in the pursuit of reciprocity. The idea of reciprocity implies that people always decide how to act relying on their beliefs about how the others will act in the future. Thus, if they believe that most of their fellow citizens cheat on taxes or bribe officials to obtain a desired benefit or advantage, they will act exactly in the same way in order not to lose. At the same time, the principle of reciprocity works when people believe that the others will likely observe the general rules of the game. It is the idea of reciprocity that allows the author to substantiate the thesis that the level of corruption and trust in society directly depends on the design of institutions.
Keywords: social trust, social capital, corruption, reciprocity, social traps.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF

Bryanik, Nadezda

Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of Ontology and Theory of Knowledge, Department of Philosophy, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Ekaterinburg

E-mail:  vastas07@mail.ru

Publications in yearbook
Social Status and Ethical Problems of Non-classical Science

The article discusses the transformation of social characteristics of non-classical science in comparison with the social status of classical science. The author shows that the practical usage of scientific knowledge requires the implementation of technological form; and this applies to all major sub-systems of science. Technical sciences that invent ways of application of the laws of nature to different spheres of human activity rapidly develops exactly in non-classical period. Today, the practical usage of science is expanded to a planetary scale. Distinguishing feature of the worldview function of non-classical science is related to the displacement of speculative natural-philosophical constructions and ideas, when the representation of the fundamental properties of the world itself becomes a scientific picture of this world; and the scientific worldview begins to be introduced in the school system. Today one could observe politicization of science. Science takes on features of a social institution, which essentially requires autonomy. However, in reality modern science becomes a tool of manipulation in both foreign and domestic policy. The through science to affect the fate of all humankind opportunity makes scientists to face ethical problems arising from situations of choosing between good and evil. Various mechanisms for international cooperation quickly arose in the first half of the 20-th century. The social status of the human agent of science changes significantly.

 Keywords: cclassical/non-classical science, ethics of science, politization of science, forms of social institutionalization of science.

 

Download article Word
What Is It Like for Theoretical Physics to Be Philosophy?

Academician S.V. Vonsovsky raised a problem concerning the essence of the philosophy of science. According to S.V. Vonsovsky, theoretical physics has became philosophy in the contemporary intellectual world. Yet he doesn't accept positivist's motivation. On the contrary, he brings us back to ancient Greek conception of the inseparable connection between philosophy and physics, when both were concentrated on  φύσις. Theoretical physics is philosophical in a sense that is discovers the underlying nature of all processes and events; without it, it would be impossible to explain and to understand, what is going on in the universe and on the earth, in the world of living creatures and in the human's social world.

Keywords: theoretical physics, philosophy, science,  φύσις, picture of the world, philosophy of science.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
DYNAMICS OF LEGAL UNDERSTANDING IN ANTIQUITY: FROM PHILOSOPHY OF LAW OF ANCIENT GREECE TO JURISPRUDENCE OF ANCIENT ROME

The research literature on the Philosophy of Law revived in Russia at the turn of XX–XXI centuries (as well as a century earlier) is aimed at the understanding of radical changes in legal sphere and overcoming crisis of perception of justice. The article substantiates the thesis that in critical moments both in area of jurisprudence and legal practice domestic and foreign researchers assert that it is necessary to appeal to Roman Law as the pick point of the Ancient legal understanding, which is regarded as the basis for legal development in modern Russia. The research papers of E. Anners, J.-P. Vernan, G.V.F. Hegel, I.A. Pokrovsky, O. Shpengler, and G. Shershenevich serves as empirical material for philosophical interpretation of Ancient Law. The author's standpoint is to justify the fact that antiquity (sequentially, from Greek to Roman period) has created all possible forms of Philosophy of Law with its varieties that arose either from philosophy or from jurisprudence. The article argues that the recognition of natural-legal orientation is general vector of Philosophy of Law in Greek period. Philosophical context of Greek understanding of law is determined by cosmic law/nomos, which is associated with the moral-ethical characteristic – justice – when all citizens are perceived as “equal” (isoi) ones. Clear division between supporters of Philosophy of Positive Law and Philosophy of Natural Law did not take place in Greek period of Antiquity. The article analyzes distinctive features of Roman jurisprudence, which include technologicalness, applied character, and specification. The distinctive features of Roman jurisprudence are summarized by such notion as positivity of law. The causes and consequences of transformation of national civil law (jus civile) in the epoch of Empire into the right of nations (jus gentium) are revealed. Complementing the national civil law with the right of nations, Roman jurisprudence creates a particular form of Philosophy of Law – the philosophy of positive law, which arises not from philosophy, but from law.
Keywords: natural/positive law; legal technique; Roman jurisprudence; understanding of law; Philosophy of Law.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
PHILOSOPHICAL MEANING OF POST-NON-CLASSICAL WORLD PICTURE

Аbstract: The article considers the latest stage of the development of science – the postnon-classical science. The post-non-classical stage is connected with the revolutionary changes in the development of modern science, which began in the second half of the XX century. One criterion of the formation of a new stage is the scientific picture of the world. The appeal to a world scientific picture allows revealing the philosophical meaning of the radical change in the individual’s attitude towards the world. Recognition of the plurality of the world is combined with the synergetic ideas, which provide integrity of the post-non-classical picture of the world. The article considers the following principles as fundamental statements of the post-non-classical picture of the world: the systemic principle, which is connected with the research of dynamic systems with plasticity and inherent behavior; the principle of functioning, which is based on the idea of irreversibility and the evolution including self-organization, fluctuation and bifurcation mechanisms; the principle of determined chaos (as the new kind of causality), which is presented by mechanisms of mutual transition of chaos and order. The post-non-classical picture of the world includes the new concept of time. It is connected with the opening of internal time imprinted in the
middle age of the system condition. The most important statement concerning the world picture is the recognition of the universal information, as well as the anthropic principle. Living, as well as
social and humanitarian systems, becomes the initial model in the post-non-classical picture of the world. This fact defines fundamental role of the idea of self-organization in the post-non-classical science and explains its identification with the synergetic picture of the world.
Keywords: Classical/non-classical/post-non-classical science, dynamic systems, information, external/internal time, anthropic principle, deterministic chaos, self-organization.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
IMAGINATION IN INTERPRETATION OF CLASSICAL EPISTEMOLOGY’ REPRESENTATIVE

Abstract: The article considers the phenomenon of imagination in terms of cognitive activity. The approach was implemented in the philosophy of the modern time. The author refers to epistemological concepts of imagination, which were developed by Hume, Kant, and Hegel. For the first time in contemporary Russian literature on the history of philosophy and epistemology, the author provides a comparative analysis of these concepts. Both continuity and significant differences are found in the works of the representatives of empiricism and rationalism in classical epistemology. Similarity of the attitudes of both types is presented in the recognition of irrational imagination, as well as in its role in the mechanism of cognition. Difference in attitudes marks the initial statements of philosophers: Hume builds cognitive-psychological version of imagination; Kant creates epistemological-knowable concept of this phenomenon; Hegel includes imagination into phenomenology of spirit. According to the author, the above-mentioned approaches in the philosophy of modernity are potentially important for the ontological, philosophical, psychological, and epistemological interpretation of imagination in nonclassical philosophy. In revealing features and functions of imagination in the mechanisms of cognition, those philosophers used several categories – productive/reproductive, associating imagination, idea-representation, the power of imagination, fantasy, etc. Despite of the obvious role of imagination in the different kinds of cognitive activity, nowadays the epistemological nature of this phenomenon remains unsolved. The analysis presented in the article makes the author to conclude that the reason for this is the denial of the irrational nature of the imagination.

Keywords: imagination; productive/reproductive/associating imagination; rational/irrational; sensual/ rational; classical epistemology.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF
Features of Knowledge in Non-classical Science

Abstract: the article gives an epistemological analysis of non-classical science through comparison with the peculiarities of knowledge in the classical science. Subjectiveness of knowledge in the non-classical science is determined by the scientific reality. Varieties of scientific realities are constructed through certain methodologies and theories, and represent the unique fusion of objective and subjective circumstances and factors. In contrast to mechanic and descriptive position, non-classical science aims to clarify specifics of the examined objects and to disclose their essence.

Keywords: non-classical/classical science, the concreteness of knowledge, scientific reality (physical, social, historical, psychological, etc.), external manifestations / essence, specific regularities.

Download article Word
The Concept of Non-classical Science: its Interpretation and Time Frame

The paper considers the debate in contemporary philosophy of science on the concept of non-classical science – its criteria, time of occurrence and time of completion. A comparative analysis of classical and non-classical science is developed, the relationships between them are investigated. Major subsystems of science – natural, social, humanities and mathematics – are taken as a research material.

Keywords: classical/non-classical science, new/old, discontinuity/continuity, subsystems of science, natural sciences, social sciences, humanities, mathematics.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF

Bulipopova, Ekaterina

 

Post-graduate student, Institute of Philosophy and Law, the Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. Ekaterinburg.

 

E-mail: aerocat@indox.ru

 

Publications in yearbook
Reasons and Preconditions for Emergence of the Term "Double Standarts" in Political Discourse

The article contains the analysis of the process of emerging of the term "double standards" in political and judicial discourse. The author uses methods of structural-linguistic and comparative historical analysis and comes to the point that there are objective reasons and preconditions for the emergence of "double standards" as phenomenon and the term.

Keywords: politics, political science, double-standard politics, double standards, double-standard principle, discourse, structural-linguistic analysis, inequality, natural law, Ancient epoch, liberalism, political philosophy.

Download article TPL_IPL_ARTICLE_PDF