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2022
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catalogue – 43669
ANTINOMIES
Until 01.01.2019 - Scientific Yearbook of the Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 2686-7206 (Print)

ISSN 2686-925X (Оnlinе)

Archive

— showed 11 articles from38

Philosophy

Discussion on Truth: Macrotheoretical Dualism of Hermeneutics and Scientism

Martyanov Victor

The article proposes a hypothesis that despite of the ideological opposition of the scientist and hermeneutic methodology of social science and human studies, these two theoretical approaches, in spite of their ideological irreconcilability are methodologically interconnected. These paradigms interact in cognition according to the principle of complementarity and thus compensate mutual constructive disadvantages on the macro- theoretical level. The dualism on macro-theoretical level explains both the methodological rigidity of the structure of dominating positivist language of sciences and the anti- scientist methodology of hermeneutics, which attempts to fill the gaps in cognition created by scientism. Thus, any social fact is dual and can be approached from both positions. Together hermeneutics and scientism generate meta-paradigmatic unity and form the basic methodological opposition inside the social knowledge. 

Keywords: truth, cognition, paradigm, hermeneutics, scientism, dualism, methodology, complementarity.

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A. Einstein and N. Bohr: Two Romantics in Search for the Lost Unity of Physical Knowledge

Miroshnikov, Yuri

 Establishment of non-classical science is studied through the lens of conflict between the principles of quantum mechanics found in the works of A. Einstein and N. Bohr. An attempt is made to bring closer their ideologies formed in opposition to positivism and romanticism.
Keywords: classical science and non-classical science, quantum mechanics, principles of causality and complementarity, objectivity of physical knowledge, positivism and romanticism in science, the problem of relationship between science and philosophy.

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Political science

Regional Elites, Power and Administrative Business Market

Blyakher, Leonid , Pegin, Nikolay

The paper analyzes the functioning of the administrative market and its effect on the distribution of power in the political sphere. The process of the emergence and development of the administrative market in the 80s – 90s of XX century and its destruction in the XXI century is examined.

Keywords: violent entrepreneurship, region, regional elites, the political class, administrative market.

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E-Government Transition as the Process of Institutional Adoption

Dyakova, Elena

Institutional adoption to the provision of on-line government services is a complex social process which represents the unity of assimilation and accommodation. The article analyzes the institutional adoption process in Russia including formation of the legal framework and implementation of e-documents and government service portals. 

Keywords: e-government, institutional adoption, legal framework, government service portal.

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E-Government: Technocratic Utopia or Structure-in-Demand?

Trakhtenberg, Anna

Empirical research conducted in the Ural Federal District in 2011 suggests that low trust in government in Russia serves simultaneously as inducement and barrier to adoption of e-government services, while high trust in government is rather a barrier. Highest e-government readiness has been demonstrated by citizens with average trust in government and satisfaction with off-line service quality. 
Keywords: e-government, e-readiness, technocratic utopia, technology acceptance model, trust in government.

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Apathy Instead of Thirst: Freedom and Justice in the Life of Russian Citizen

Fan, Irina

The article considers the limits of implementation of the equality, justice and freedom in Russian political and juridical culture, social institutes and practices. The author analyses the processes of shaping and functioning of Russian elite, its interaction with society, as well as the problems of political and juridical inequality. 

Keywords: egalitarianism, elitarism, freedom, equity, citizen, elite, justice.

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Party Nomenclature in Russia: Is the Revival Possible?

Ivanova, Mariya

The article is devoted to the problem of party nomenclature inside contemporary Russian political system. The article attempts to answer the question what the party nomenclature in the contemporary Russian party system looks like. Party nomenclature is defined as a ruling group that can fight for power and define the development of political parties. Based on the analysis of party-list parties in the elections to the State Duma in 2003 and 2007 years, the investigation demonstrated that party nomenclature didn’t exist. As a result, the author concludes that the lists of all political parties do not contain united group of party bureaucrats who are capable of autonomous actions in relation to the other elite groups.

Keywords: party nomenclature, political parties, regional elites, federal elite, State Duma, regional representation, party bureaucracy.

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J. Balmes and the Problem of Adaptation of Spanish Traditionalism to the New Order

Vasilenko Yuri

The author analyzes the genesis of the Spanish traditionalism in the 1st half of the XIX century, the mechanisms and logic of its adaptation to the New Order; in particular, the Spanish traditionalists` ideological paradigms in 1814-1833, the basic elements of Balmes`s ideological paradigm, the significance of Balmes`s work «Pío IX» for the historical perspectives of Spanish traditionalism, compares the different aspects of the traditionalist, liberal-conservative and liberal interpretations of Balmes`s and Donoso Cortés`s heritage.  Keywords: Jaime Balmes, Spanish traditionalism, genesis, adaptation, New Order.

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The Witness as an Accuser of the Barbarity

Malyshev Mikhail

The concentration camp represents the extreme form of totalitarian state’s total domination over a man. The aim of the article is to show dehumanization of a human being based on the Holocaust victims’ testimonies complemented by the stories of Gulag prisoners. The author primarily takes into consideration the memoirs of those witnesses that try to avoid unnecessary illusions, which conceal the truth and lead to the idealization of a human being. Relying on the testimony of Zalmen Gradovsky, the author tries to overcome shallow judgments about the members of Zondercommands that told us the harsh truth about the courageous behavior of the innocent victims sentenced to death in the gas chambers. 

Keywords: witness, genocide, dehumanization of a human being, Oswiecim, “The Grey Zone”, Zondercommand.

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School and Religion: European Experience

Hvithamar Annika , Stepanova, Elena

The article analyses the status of religious education at schools in European countries, taking into consideration different approaches, discussions about substance, forms and purposes of religious education. The authors conclude that in general religious education is seen as the important part of citizenship education, and at the same time, it depends on historical-cultural tradition and current socio-political situation in particular country. 

Keywords: religious education, citizenship education, post-secular society, intercultural dialogue.

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Individual and Social Morality from the Viewpoint of “Christian realism”

Golovanova, Natalia

The article is devoted to Reinhold Niebuhr's concept of "Christian realism". According to him, individuals are morally capable to consider interests of others and act prudently when they feel the contradiction between their own interests and other people’s interests. For Niebuhr, it is an explanation of the fact that dominant groups rarely yield their privileges, except the case when they found themselves under pressure of some countervailing social force. Niebuhr stressed the relevance of Christian love not as directly practicable political principle, but as the ideal toward which justice strives, and as the standard of judgment of all political achievements in history.

Keywords: political realism, morality, pacifism, intra- and inter-group conflicts.

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