18 (4)
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2018
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catalogue – 43669
RESEARCH
YEARBOOK
The Institute of Philosophy and Law.
The Urals Division
of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
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— showed 10 articles from31

Introduction

Philosophy

PHILOSOPHY AS GENERAL THEORY OF SUBJECT AND OBJECT

Lubutin, Konstantin , Kondrashov, Pyotr

In the article the authors attempt, on the basic of marx's philosophical anthropology, to represent philosophy as theoretical world-view [Weltanschauung], namely, as general theory of subject and object in their dialectical interaction. Authors draw the conclusion that philosophy is existential comprehension of human being-in-world [in-der-Welt-sein].

Keywords: philosophy, world-view, practice [Praxis], subject and object, human being, world, interaction, science.

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Parameters of Methodological Constituency of knowledge

Medvedev, Vjacheslav

The article considers the issue of the form, in which methodology appears in knowledge. First, it is argued that the methdology is part of knowledge irreducible to any discipline or sphere of study. Then, the peculiarities of the phenomenon of methodology are analyzed.

Keywords: methodology, conceptualization of foundations, knowledge, philosophy, science.

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Phenomenology as Grammatology

Berezin, Sergey

The article deals with the criticism of phenomenology from the perspective of grammatology. The author underlines that Derrida rejects the Husserl's difference of grammatology. The article shows that differences in the phenomenology was replaced several times. The latter becomes a history of phenomenology. As a result, the phenomenology was transformed into post-phenomenology. As a result, the phenomenology was transformed into post-phenomenology, which may be considered as grammatology.

Keywords: grammatology, phenomelogy, neo-phenomenology, post-phenomenology, post-fundamentalism, deconstruction, decentering, writing, difference, post-phenomenon, intentionality.

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Politics and Religion of Cruelty

Strenski Ivan

The article considers the politics and religion of cruelty of the "right wind" American Christianity. The author gives some evidence of such attitudes in American society and concludes that cruelty is the resualt of the lack of personal self-evidence.

Keywords: politics and religion of cruelty, homosexuality, abortion, "blue" and "red" states.

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Dialectical Synthesis in Marx's Social Theory

Koryakovtsev, Andrey , Lubutin, Konstantin

In the article authors analyze the forms of dialectical synthesis in Marx social theory.

Keywords: dialectical synthesis, concrete-historical analysis, methodology of social science, social theory, classiacal Marxism, dialectical interpretation of communist theory, philosophical anthropology, Feuerbach.

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L.N. TOLSTOY'S ROMANTIC PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE AS AN INTEGRAL CHRACTERISTIC OF HIS ARTISTIC, PHILOSOPHICAL AND RELIGIOUS ACTIVITY

Miroshnikov, Yuri

The article deals with Tolstoy’s basic philosophy of life. He created not only artistic but also philosophical and religions works which influenced the world spiritual culture. The aim of this study is to show the integrity (completeness) and unity (harmony) of Tolstoy’s philosophy of life, his romantic tendencies in combination with critics of civilization and culture of his time.

Keywords: elements of romantic philosophy of life: mystic pantheism, rational & emotional unity of cognition, artistic, religious-philosophical characterization of three types of personality: “natural”, “civilized” and “modified” (“transformed”); study of the possibility to change “civilized” “human being” info genuine (“converted”) personality.


 

 

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A FUNDAMENTAL GENERALIZATION OF THE FORMAL-LOGICAL CONCEPTION OF "PROPOSITIONAL ATTITUDES" OF BERTRAND RUSSEL AND JAAKKO HINTIKKA IN TWO-VALUED ALGEBRA OF FORMAL AXIOLOGY

Lobovikov, Vladimir

In two-valued algebra of formal ethics the author demonstrates a formalaxiological equivalence of corresponding “propositional attitudes” as moral-legal evaluation-functions determined by two variables. This result is a complement to the “propositional-attitude” paradigm, established by B. Russel and J. Hintikka. In the submitted mathematical representation of formal axiology, hitherto unknown “contraposition laws” are discovered and formulated precisely.

Keywords: propositional attitude, knowledge, belief, doubt, habit, desire, expectation,moral-legal evaluation-function, variable, formal-axiological equivalence, two-valued algebra of formal ethics.

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Political science

In Search of the Paradigm of Late Modernity

Martyanov, Victor

The article discusses the problem of historical evolution of Modernity paradigm from its national form embedded in European context towards its global, cosmopolitan version. The article argues that the Modernity paradigm is still developing, which makes impossible to define Modernity as a finished, closed époque. On the contrary, Modernity in its political dimension is understood as continuing and open project. It is argued that, in spite of massive post-modernist critics, the Modernity remains the basic political paradigm than legitimizes and describes contemporary political universe. Various cultural, post-modernist, ecological and other discourses seen as alternatives to Modernity do not obtain the comparable degree of universality and legitimacy.

Keywords: modernity, legitimacy, paradigm, cosmopolitism, globalization, post-modernity, Europe.

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