22 (1)
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2022
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catalogue – 43669
ANTINOMIES
Until 01.01.2019 - Scientific Yearbook of the Institute of Philosophy and Law of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences

ISSN 2686-7206 (Print)

ISSN 2686-925X (Оnlinе)

Malyshev Mikhail

The analysis of works of Hannah Arendt shows that hitlerian and stalian regimes, in spite of their differences, had common metaphysical bases: they considered the laws of Nature and History as highest sacral divinities that authorized the realization of political aims of totalitarian movements. The author investigates the process of assimilation and transformation by the totalitarian ideologies the previous elements of history, the terror as the method of transformation of the social structures into the homogeneous movement of the masses, directed by their leaders, and the banality of the evil in the implementation of the policy of genocide.

Keywords: totalitarism, sacralization of Nature and History, terror, the masses, social atomism, ideology, banality of evil.

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